Programming Languages (C , C++)

What is C programming language?

C is middle-level programming language which was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. C language combines the features of Low level as well as High-level Language. Hence its considered a middle-level Language.

C is a high-level classical type programming language that allows you to develop firmware and portable applications. The C language was developed with an objective of writing system software. It is an ideal language for developing firmware systems.

What is C++ programming language?

C++ is a computer programming language that contains the feature of C programming language as well as Simula67( a first object Oriented language). C++ introduced the concept of Class and Objects.

It encapsulates high and low-level language features. So, it is seen as an intermediate level language. Earlier it was called “C with classes” as it had all the properties of the C language.

C Vs. C++: Key Differences

  • C is a Procedural Oriented language, whereas C++ is an Object-Oriented Programming language.
  • C supports only Pointers whereas C++ supports both pointers and references.
  • C does not allow you to use function overloading whereas C++ allows you to use function overloading.
  • C supports built-in data types whereas C++ supports built-in as well as user-defined data types.
  • C language follows the Top-Down programming approach whereas C++ follows a bottom-up programming approach.
  • C scan and printf are used for the standard input and output while in C++, cin and cout are given for standard input and output operations.‬